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Dropout Prevention

Web Resources

Web Resources

General Information

Dropout Prevention

Geared toward educators, administrators, and policymakers, this What Works Clearinghouse practice guide provides recommendations that focus on reducing high school dropout rates. Strategies presented include identifying and advocating for at-risk students, implementing programs to improve behavior and social skills, and keeping students engaged in the school environment.

Prevention Dropout in Secondary Schools

This What Works Clearinghouse practice guide provides school educators and administrators with four evidence-based recommendations for reducing dropout rates in middle and high schools and improving high school graduation rates. Each recommendation provides specific, actionable strategies; examples of how to implement the recommended practices in schools; advice on how to overcome potential obstacles; and a description of the supporting evidence.

Pell Institute
Facts and figures on drop outs, including rates and demographics.

America’s Promise Alliance
Grad Nation Campaign with drop out facts, information, tools, and other resources.

National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)
School dropout prevention information and strategies for educators.

National High School Center- Approaches to Dropout Prevention
Heeding Early Warning Signs with Appropriate Interventions: This report provides information on who is dropping out, risk factors, how to predict potential risk, Early Warning Data Systems, best practices in schools, and highlights dropout prevention programs.

National Center on Secondary Education and Transition
Preventing Dropout and Promoting School Completion.

National Center on Secondary Education and Transition 

The Role of Parents in Dropout Prevention: Strategies that Promote Graduation and School Achievement.

Early Warning Indicators and Systems

National High School Center - Developing Early Warning Systems to Identify Potential High School Dropouts
A report on student dropout which summaries research on early warning indicators and provides information on both school-level and district-level early warning systems. Specific information can be found for indicators to look for and how to calculate these, building a system and using it to target interventions, and monitoring progress in the school.

Alliance for Excellent Education- Using Early-Warning Data to Improve Graduation Rate
A policy brief by Lyndsay Pinkus on Early-Warning data and EWI systems, using data to develop strategies to intervene, and a discussion of policies to support EWI implementation.

Journal Research Articles


CSCORE does not endorse any of the following research studies.  Instead, our goal is to present you with the latest research being conducted.  It is up to you to decide if the study is reliable and valid.

School Counselors' Role in Dropout Prevention and Credit Recovery

Tromski-Klingshirn, D., & Miura, Y. (2017). School counselors' role in dropout prevention and credit recovery. Journal of School Counseling, 15(4), n4.

Full Article

Examining Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Students Repeating the Ninth Grade: Implications for School Dropout Prevention

Iachini, A. L., Petiwala, A. F., & DeHart, D. D. (2016). Examining adverse childhood experiences among students repeating the ninth grade: Implications for school dropout prevention. Children & Schools, 38(4), 218-227.

Full Article

Evaluating the Impact of a Summer Dropout Prevention Program for Incoming Freshmen Attending an Under-Resourced High School

Vera, E., Shriberg, D., Alves, A., Montes de Oca, J., Reker, K., Roche, M., ... & Rau, E. (2016). Evaluating the impact of a summer dropout prevention program for incoming freshmen attending an under-resourced high school. Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth, 60(2), 161-171.

Full Article

A High School Dropout Prevention Program for At-Risk Students

Wallace, C. M. (2016). A high school dropout prevention program for at-risk students (Doctoral dissertation, Walden University).

Full Dissertation

Dropout Prevention in Middle and High Schools: From Research to Practice

Wilkins, J., & Bost, L. W. (2016). Dropout prevention in middle and high schools: From research to practice. Intervention in School and Clinic, 51(5), 267-275.

Full Article

Dropout Prevention Intervention With Secondary Students: A Pilot Study of Project GOAL

Wexler, J., Pyle, N., & Fall, A. M. (2015). Dropout prevention intervention with secondary students: A pilot study of project GOAL. Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth, 59(3), 142-152.

Abstract and Journal Access

A Network Perspective on Dropout Prevention in Two Cities

Wells, R., Gifford, E., Bai, Y., & Corra, A. (2015). A network perspective on dropout prevention in two cities. Educational Administration Quarterly, 51(1), 27-57.

Full Article

Do We Know Who Will Drop Out? A Review of the Predictors of Dropping Out of High School: Precision, Sensitivity, and Specificity
Bowers, A.J., Sprott, R., & Taff, S.A. (2013). Do we know who will drop out? A review of the predictors of dropping out of high school: Precision, sensitivity, and specificity. The High School Journal, 96(2), 77-100.
Full Article

Effect of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Graduation, College Acceptance and Dropout Rates for Students Attending an Urban Public High School

Colbert, R.D. (2013). Effect of the transcendental meditation program on graduation, college acceptance and dropout rates for students attending an urban public high school. Education, 133(4), 495–501.

Full Article

Organizing Schools to Address Early Warning Indicators (EWIs): Common Practices and Challenges
Davis, M., Herzog, L., & Legters, N. (2013). Organizing schools to address Early Warning Indicators (EWIs): Common practices and challenges. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 18, 84-100.
Abstract and Journal Access

The ABCs of Keeping On Track to Graduation: Research Findings from Baltimore

Mac Iver, M.A., & Messel, M. (2013). The ABCs of keeping on track to graduation: Research findings from Baltimore. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 18, 50-67.

Abstract and Journal Access

Longitudinal Predictors of High School Completion
Barry, M., & Reschly, A.L. (2012). Longitudinal predictors of high school completion. School Psychology Quarterly, 27(2), 74-84.
Abstract and Journal Access

School Dropout Indicators, Trends, and Interventions for School Counselors

Dockery, D. J. (2012). School dropout indicators, trends, and interventions for school counselors. Journal of school counseling, 10(12), n12.

Full Article

Dropout Prevention: Recommendations for School Counselors
Blount, T. (2012). Dropout prevention: Recommendations for school counselors. Journal of School Counseling, 10(16), 1-33.
Full Article

The Challenge of Improving Urban High School Graduation Outcomes: Findings from a Randomized Study of Dropout Prevention Efforts

Mac Iver, M. A. (2011). The challenge of improving urban high school graduation outcomes: Findings from a randomized study of dropout prevention efforts. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk (JESPAR), 16(3), 167-184.

Abstract and Journal Access

Dropout Prevention and Intervention Programs: Effects on School Completion and Dropout Among School‐Aged Children and Youth

Wilson, S. J., Tanner‐Smith, E. E., Lipsey, M. W., Steinka‐Fry, K., & Morrison, J. (2011). Dropout prevention and intervention programs: Effects on school completion and dropout among school‐aged children and youth. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 7(1), 1-61.

Full Article

The School Counselor’s Role in School Dropout Prevention
White, S.W., & Kelly, F.D. (2010). The school counselor’s role in school dropout prevention. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(2), 227-235.
Abstract and Journal Access

Books & Book Chapters


Hines, E. M., Singleton II, P., Hines, M. R., Ángeles, S. L., Wathen, B. J., & Brown Jr, D. (2022). Factors Impacting Postsecodany                 transitions for black students. In E. Hines & L. Owens (Eds.), Equity-Based Career Development and Postsecondary                             Transitions: An American Imperative. (163-184). Information Age Publishing.

Reschly, A. L. (2020). Dropout prevention and student engagement. In Student engagement (pp. 31-54). Springer, Cham.

Goss, C.L., & Andren, K.J. (2014). Dropout prevention: The Guilford practical intervention in the schools series. New York, NY: The           Guilford Press.

Schargel, F.P., & Smink, J. (2013). Helping students graduate: A strategic approach to dropout prevention. New York, NY:                           Routledge.

Rumberger, R.W. (2011). Dropping out: Why students drop out of high school and what can be done about it. Cambridge, MA:                   Harvard University Press.

Curriculum Materials & Programs


National Dropout Prevention Center/Network (NDPC/N) Effective Strategies
Fifteen effective strategies that NDPC/N found to have the most positive impact on dropout rates. Each strategy is highlighted and includes links with related resources and model programs.

National Dropout Prevention Center/Network (NDPC/N) Model Programs
NDPC/N database of research-based programs and information for schools and community programs to utilize. Browse all programs, or search by effective strategy or descriptors. Each program included is rated by the NDPC/N by level of evidence and summarizes program emphasis and plans.

What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) Project GRAD Program Report Summary
Report summary for Project “Graduation Really Achieves Dreams” (GRAD). The full report can be downloaded from this website as well.

Talent Search Program
As part of the Federal TRIO Programs, Talent Search is a high school dropout prevention program designed to promote college enrollment and completion for low-income students.

What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) Talent Search Program Report Summary
Report summary for Talent Search. The full report can be downloaded from this website as well.

Coca Cola Valued Youth Program
The Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) Coca Cola Valued Youth Program is a dropout prevention program that identifies middle and high school students at risk of dropping out. These students become tutors to elementary aged students that are also struggling in school.

Center on Instruction
The Center is a clearing house of information on research based best practices for instruction to improve achievement in schools.

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