Anxiety & Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA)
The national nonprofit organization dedicated to preventing and treating anxiety, depression, and related disorders. Provides information on these disorders, and how to cope with and treat symptoms.
ADAA Children and Teens with Anxiety
This page lists topics specific to children and teens with anxiety. Includes links to sections on childhood anxiety disorders, treatment, tips for parents, anxiety disorders at school, and school refusal.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Publication on anxiety disorders that describes the symptoms, causes, and treatments of major anxiety disorders. Includes information on getting help and coping. A free PDF version can be printed to use as a resource with students and families.
Mental Health America (MHA)
What you need to know about anxiety disorders, with links to more information about generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorders and phobias, and PTSD.
Minnesota Association for Children’s Mental Health
Fact sheet on anxiety disorders and how these disorders affect children and adolescents. Includes educational implications, instructional strategies, and classroom accommodations.
Sample Accommodations for Anxious Kids from WorryWiseKids.org
Resource list for dealing with anxiety disorder.
Promising Practices Network Evaluation of Coping Cat
Promising Practices Network identifies Coping Cat as a ‘Program that Works’ after analyzing research on the treatment program. This summary outlines program information, evaluation methods and findings, implementation details, issues to consider, and other resources.
Journal Research Articles
CSCORE does not endorse any of the following research studies. Instead, our goal is to present you with the latest research being conducted. It is up to you to decide if the study is reliable and valid.
Identifying and Understanding Anxiety in Youth with ASD: Parent and School Provider Perspectives on Anxiety within Public School Settings
Reyes, N. M., Pickard, K., Tanda, T., Morris, M. A., & Reaven, J. (2022). Identifying and understanding anxiety in youth with ASD: Parent and school provider perspectives on anxiety within public school settings. Evidence-based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 7(1), 12-23.
Increasing Access and Reach: Implementing School-Based CBT for Anxiety in Students with ASD or Suspected ASD
Reaven, J., Meyer, A. T., Pickard, K., Boles, R. E., Hayutin, L., Middleton, C., ... & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2022). Increasing access and reach: Implementing school-based CBT for anxiety in students with ASD or suspected ASD. Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 7(1), 56-75.
Anxiety: 6-Week Social Emotional Learning Intervention for Elementary School Counselors
Paolini, A. C. (2021). Anxiety: 6-Week social emotional learning intervention for elementary school counselors. Journal of School Counseling, 19(23), n23.
No Mental Health Without Young People: A Thematic Synthesis of Young People’s Views and Experiences of School-Based Group Mental Health Interventions and a Study Exploring Facilitators’ and Young People’s Experiences of a School-Based Internet Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (iCBT) Intervention Programme Called Braive-Managing Anxiety for Youth
Dhillon, J. (2021). No Mental Health Without Young People: A Thematic Synthesis of Young People’s Views and Experiences of School-Based Group Mental Health Interventions and a Study Exploring Facilitators’ and Young People’s Experiences of a School-Based Internet Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (iCBT) Intervention Programme Called Braive-Managing Anxiety for Youth (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southampton).
A Meta-Analysis: The Effects of CBT as a Clinic-& School-Based Treatment on Students' Mathematics Anxiety
Bicer, A., Perihan, C., & Lee, Y. (2020). A meta-analysis: The effects of CBT as a clinic-& school-based treatment on students' mathematics anxiety. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 15(2).
Effect of Meditation on Social/Emotional Well-Being in a High-Performing High School
Bleasdale, J. E., Peterson, M. C., & Nidich, S. (2020). Effect of meditation on social/emotional well-being in a high-performing high school. Professional School Counseling, 23(1).
Do Social Threat Cognitions Decrease with School-Based CBT and Predict Treatment Outcome in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder?
Ryan, J. L., Fox, J. K., Lowe, S. R., & Warner, C. M. (2019). Do social threat cognitions decrease with school-based CBT and predict treatment outcome in adolescents with social anxiety disorder? Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 33(4), 331-342.
Is Reducing Uncertain Control the Key to Successful Test Anxiety Intervention for Secondary School Students? Findings from a Randomized Control Trial
Putwain, D. W., & Pescod, M. (2018). Is reducing uncertain control the key to successful test anxiety intervention for secondary school students? Findings from a randomized control trial. School Psychology Quarterly, 33(2), 283.
A Randomized Controlled Comparison of Emotional Freedom Technique and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to Reduce Adolescent Anxiety: A Pilot Study
Gaesser, A. H., & Karan, O. C. (2017). A randomized controlled comparison of Emotional Freedom Technique and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to reduce adolescent anxiety: A pilot study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 23(2), 102-108.
Group Counseling Curriculum to Address Test Anxiety for Middle and High School Students
Horowitz, R. (2017). Group counseling curriculum to address test anxiety for middle and high school students (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Northridge).
A Meta-Analytic Evaluation of the FRIENDS Program for Preventing Anxiety in Student Populations
Maggin, D. M., & Johnson, A. H. (2014). A meta-analytic evaluation of the FRIENDS program for preventing anxiety in student populations. Education and Treatment of Children, 277-306.
Test Anxiety Interventions for Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review of Treatment Studies from 2000-2010
Von der Embse, N., Barterian, J., & Segool, N. (2013). Test anxiety interventions for children and adolescents: A systematic review of treatment studies from 2000-2010. Psychology in the Schools, 50(1), 57-71.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety Disorders in Youth
Seligman, L.D., & Ollendick, T.H. (2011). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders in youth. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 20(2), 217-238.
Flexible Application of the Coping Cat Program for Anxious Youth
Beidas, R.S., Benjamin, C.L., Puleo, C.M., Edmunds, J.M., & Kendall, P.C. (2010). Flexible application of the Coping Cat program for anxious youth. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 17(2), 142-153.
Abstract and Journal Access
Effect of Anxiety Reduction on Children’s School Performance and Social Adjustment
Wood, J.J. (2006). Effect of anxiety reduction on children’s school performance and social adjustment. Developmental Psychology, 42(2), 345-349.
Abstract and Journal Access
Treating Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder in School: An Attention Control Trial
Warner, C.M., Fisher, P.H., Shrout, P.E., Rathor, S., & Klein, R.G. (2007). Treating adolescents with social anxiety disorder in school: An attention control trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(7), 676-686.
Abstract and Journal Access
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Children and Adolescents with Anxiety Disorders: Clinical Research Advances
Albano, A.M., & Kendall, P.C. (2002). Cognitive behavioral therapy for children and adolescents with anxiety disorders: Clinical research advances. International Review of Psychiatry, 14(2), 129-134.
Students with Anxiety: The Role of the Professional School Counselor
Hanie, E.H., & Stanard, R.P. (2009). Students with anxiety: The role of the professional school counselor. Georgia School Counselors Association Journal, 16(1), 49-55.
Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Anxiety Disorders in Children: Long-term (6 Year) Follow-up
Barrett, P.M., Duffy, A.L., Dadds, M.R., & Rapee, R.M. (2001). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of anxiety disorders in children: Long-term (6 year) follow-up. Journal of Consulting Clinical Psychology, 69, 135-141.
Abstract and Journal Access
Books & Book Chapters
Parents & Educators
Chansky, T. E. (2014). Freeing Your Child from Anxiety, Revised and Updated Edition: Practical Strategies to Overcome Fears, Worries, and Phobias and Be Prepared for Life--from Toddlers to Teens. Harmony.
Dacey, J. S., Mack, M.D., & Fiore, L. B. (2016). Your anxious child: How parents and teachers can relieve anxiety in children (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Rapee, R., Wignall, A., Spece, S., Lyneham, H., & Cobham, V. (2008). Helping your anxious child: A step-by-step guide for parents (2nd ed.). Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
Crist, J. J. (2004). What to do when you're scared and worried: A guide for kids. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing.
Huebner, D. (2005). What to do when you worry too much: A kid's guide to overcoming anxiety. Washington, DC: Magination Press.
Huebner, D. (2017). Outsmarting Worry: An Older Kid's Guide to Managing Anxiety. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Moser, A. (1988). Don't pop your cork on Mondays!: The children's anti-stress book. Kansas City, MO: Landmark.
Shapiro, L. E., & Sprague, R. K. (2009). The relaxation and stress reduction workbook for kids: Help for children to cope with stress, anxiety and transitions. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
Ellis, A. (1998). How to control your anxiety before it controls you. New York, NY: Citadel Press.
Kendall, P.C., Choudhury, M., Hudson, J., & Webb, A. (2002). The C.A.T. project manual for the cognitive behavioral treatment of anxious adolescents. Ardmore, PA: Workbook Publishing.
Morris, T.L., & March, J.S. (Eds.). (2004). Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.